Conditions of Marriage in Islam.
Marriage is a solemn and sacred social contract between bride and groom. This contract is a strong covenant as expressed in Quran: “And how could you take it while you have gone in unto each other and they have taken from you a solemn covenant?” (An-Nisaa’ 4:21).
The minimum conditions of marriage are the following:
1- The consent of the guardian of the woman;
2- The presence of witnesses;
3- Offering and acceptance;
4- and mahr (dowry).
Once the above conditions have been fulfilled, the marriage will be valid.
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
“There is no (valid) marriage without a guardian and two reliable witnesses.” (At-Tirmidhi)